Define radiometric age dating
In terms of geology, Shen Kuo is one of the first naturalists to have formulated a theory of geomorphology.This was based on his observations of sedimentary uplift, soil erosion, deposition of silt, and marine fossils found in the Taihang Mountains, located hundreds of miles from the Pacific Ocean.It was discovered by the Christian world that different translations of the Bible contained different versions of the biblical text.The one entity that remained consistent through all of the interpretations was that the Deluge had formed the world’s geology and geography.He also laid the basis of crystallography by recognising the octahedral habit of diamond.Abu al-Rayhan al-Biruni (AD 973–1048) was one of the earliest Muslim geologists, whose works included the earliest writings on the geology of India, hypothesizing that the Indian subcontinent was once a sea: Ibn Sina (Avicenna, 981–1037), a Persian polymath, made significant contributions to geology and the natural sciences (which he called Attabieyat) along with other natural philosophers such as Ikhwan AI-Safa and many others.
In medieval China, one of the most intriguing naturalists was Shen Kuo (1031–1095), a polymath personality who dabbled in many fields of study in his age.
Although theories that resulted from the heightened interest in the Earth’s composition were often manipulated to support the concept of the Deluge, a genuine outcome was a greater interest in the makeup of the Earth.
Due to the strength of Christian beliefs during the 17th century, the theory of the origin of the Earth that was most widely accepted was A New Theory of the Earth published in 1696, by William Whiston.
Much later in the Roman period, Pliny the Elder produced a very extensive discussion of many more minerals and metals then widely used for practical ends.
He was among the first to correctly identify the origin of amber as a fossilized resin from trees by the observation of insects trapped within some pieces.